The Science Behind the Genius (PDF) (Angeline Lillard. Montessori: The Science behind the Genius)
Two fundamental cornerstones of American schooling today were placed at the turn of the 20th century: the school as a factory and the child as a blank slate. Students of child development know that these ideas are obsolete, but they continue to have a profound impact on how schooling is done.
Montessori Outcomes (montessori-science.org)
A 2006 study comparing outcomes of children at a public inner-city Montessori school with children who attended traditional schools indicates that Montessori education leads to children with better social and academic skills.